how much barley does australia export to china

Chinese imports of Australia … Secondly, they must price into their business models the risk of harmful policy changes from the Chinese government, as the Australian government will sometimes take decisions judged to be in the national interest that run counter to Beijing’s interests and provoke retaliation. Going on current climate forecasts and the start to the season so far, the Australian crop now being planted appears to be able to support shipments of that size to China. Australian coal, gas and iron ore exports to China have surged as Beijing threatens economic retaliation for the Morrison government’s pursuit of an independent inquiry into the coronavirus. If they are to go ahead, the tariffs will have a significant impact on Western Australian growers by reducing the competitiveness of Australian barley into the Chinese market, and we have seen barley prices come off already on the back of this news. China takes in more than 50% of Australian barley exports, most of which it is malted barley. The meat export freeze follows China's threats to impose severe anti-dumping tariffs on Australian barley exports, worth $600 million due to drought last year. This is an important market for WA growers, with no ready alternatives. Required fields are marked *. Calls to diversify Australian exports following a diplomatic blowup with China represent “peak stupidity,” according to one prominent economist. If China is not in the market, barley’s discount to wheat will widen from the typical 15-20 per cent. Australian beef exports to China were worth $2.67 billion last year and the current ban on beef importation from five major meat processing plants is anticipated to reduce the projected $3.5bn from exports to China by around 35% this year. It has also banned imports from four abattoirs for allegedly failing to meet Chinese health standards – an “informal retaliation” that provides the Chinese government with plausible deniability against “accusations of explicit economic bullying,” according to academics from the Australian National University. Australia produces two-row spring barley that is plump and bright with moderate protein content. Consumption comes from China’s dairy and beef sectors, which are users of China’s own barley and corn crops, or imported products. Our barley producers operate in a competitive global market without any trade distorting subsidies and price their products in an entirely commercial way. All rights reserved. Australia's relationship with China is taking a turn for the worse, with the Asian giant lapping a hefty tariff on Australia's barley imports. Also, the March dive in the Australia dollar to its lowest point in more than 10 years saw a whack of export grain business get written, much of which has already been shipped. “We strongly believe there are no grounds for the claims that Australian barley is being dumped or subsidised in the Chinese market. Australia has a complicated relationship with China, but may have to make a stand. China is banning Australian wine, copper, barley, coal, sugar, timber and lobster exports from Friday, an unconfirmed customs official notice says. Breaking that down to malt and non-malting barley, around 1.3 million tonnes of malting barley, and around 4.2 million tonnes of non-malting barley are also exported each year, though these figures vary from season to season. The duty was in place for a few months, and had a short-term impact on feedgrain values in parts of the global market. China’s move to impose an 80.5% tariff on imports of barley from Australia is not expected to make a massive dent in Australia’s wheat export market, sources say. Projections about Australian barley exports in the current crop year put sales to China at 1.5Mt, compared with around 4Mt in an average year of Australian production. That tension peaked this week when China launched two trade strikes on Monday and Tuesday of up to $1 billion in Australian beef and barley exports. Australia is comparatively export focussed with approximately 70% of the total barley crop exported annually. Your email address will not be published. Subscribe for free to get the latest breaking news and analysis sent to your inbox. They were made in February last year, and are believed to cover a period of investigation from 1 January 2014 to 30 September 2018. China has ignored Australia's attempts to discuss trade tensions over beef and barley imports, and state governments fear they could become the meat in … China was Australia’s largest market for barley, with an export value of $915.4 million, followed by Japan ($226.7 million) and Thailand ($90 million). Market Economics director Stephen Koukoulas said pressing Australian businesses to diversify their exports was naive as they can only sell to countries that “want to buy the stuff we make”. In 2018/19, China took $63 billion of Australian iron ore and $14 billion worth of coal. #6 Cereals (AUD$7.1 billion) Whilst we love our Weet Bix and Fruit Loops, cereal is a top export of Australia accounting for just under 2% of all exports. Australia is normally China's No. Value of Australian wine exports ($m) in major markets China accounted for 60 to 70 per cent of Australia's barley exports and it bought a record of more than 6 million tonnes, worth about $1.5 billion, in 2017. China’s modern malting plants have an intrinsic preference for Australian barley. Exports to China in Australia averaged 3188860.78 AUD THO from 1988 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 14554765.09 AUD THO in June of 2020 and a record low of 64000 AUD THO in November of 1989. Australia is preparing to take China to the World Trade Organisation if it does not reverse its decision to impose tariffs on up to $1 billion in barley exports. Breaking that down to malt and non-malting barley, around 1.3 million tonnes of malting barley, and around 4.2 million tonnes of non-malting barley are also exported each year, though these figures vary from season to season. In 2017/18 the WA grains industry exported wheat worth $2.83 billion and barley … But so far in 2020 Canada has already exported almost as much barley as it did all of last year, with the biggest months yet to come. "Bulk grain terminal shipping stems show about 650,000 mt [of barley] shipped in April and May [to China], so season-to-date, Australia is estimated to have exported over 1.2 million mt … Australian exports of cotton to China were worth more than $1.1 billion last year. Australia exported $732 million of malting barley, $647.6 million of feed barley, and $2 million of barley seed in 2018–19. Australian barley exports to China worth AU$1.4 billion (US$960 million) were shaken in October 2018 when China opened an anti-dumping investigation. In 2018, Australia sold $1.5 billion worth of barley to China but the drought and China's allegations of dumping saw the value of the trade fall to $600 million last year. As for barley, at least half of the nation’s exports typically end up in the Middle Kingdom, as part of an annual trade that was worth $1.5 billion in 2018 and $915.4 million in drought-affected 2019. This is an important market for WA growers, with no ready alternatives. In 2019, Australia exported 300,133 tonnes swt of boxed beef, worth A$2.67 billion. “If an Indonesian business said, ‘Look, we want to buy more of your coal’, I’m sure the [Australian] coal producers would deliver.”. “Like Australians, Chinese people love a beer and premium Australian malting barley is in high demand. Demand in China for Australian beef spiked dramatically in 2019, driven in large part by African Swine Fever (ASF) and the domestic protein shortage this created. Inflaming this is the US line that China constructed the COVID-19 virus. China has since blacklisted four Australian abattoirs and threatened to slap an 80 per cent tariff on barley imports. Around 88 per cent of Australia’s barley exports to China come from WA. The move caught up to 20 cargoes of US sorghum on the water. Less than a decade ago Australia … escalating trade dispute over beef and barley, Super funds inject $30 billion into coronavirus recovery. “The Chinese Ministry of Commerce’s proposal to impose tariffs on Australian barley is a major blow to WA farmers. “In terms of exports, Australian businesses selling heavily into the Chinese market stand to lose the most if that market is disrupted,” the researchers write. The meat export freeze follows China's threats to impose severe anti-dumping tariffs on Australian barley exports, worth $600 million due to drought last year. Demand in China for Australian beef spiked dramatically in 2019, driven in large part by African Swine Fever (ASF) and the domestic protein shortage this created. Barley exporters, faced with a $500 million hit this year after being shut out of China, have done the same thing but they are further down the road. University of New South Wales economics professor Richard Holden said Australia’s large export dependence on China left it vulnerable to changes in the global superpower’s economic policies and market conditions. Mr Koukoulas told The New Daily it was “an observable fact” there is an economic issue with our “heavy trade dependence on China”. Japan is the second-biggest export destination but its … China takes in more than 50% of Australian barley exports, most of which it is malted barley. “If China does, terrific! China is the biggest source of tourists to Australia. As it stands, almost a third (32.6 per cent) of Australian exports go to China. The tariffs, based on dumping and farm subsidy claims, would end Australia's $1.5 billion barley trade to China; Barley is Australia's second most valuable agriculture export to China These markets include Japan, Vietnam, Thailand and India for malt barley, and Japan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia for feed barley.”, CBH chief marketing and trading officer Jason Craig. By continuing to use our site you are agreeing to our. Beijing imposed tariffs of 80% on the crop after bilateral relations deteriorated . The Australian grains industry and the Federal Government are currently pulling out all stops to dissuade China from imposing tariffs on Australian barley as the wind-up to its anti-dumping investigation which started in late 2018. Photo: Paul Carmody. Exports of goods and services from Australia rose by 3 percent from a month earlier to a seven-month high of AUD 36.39 billion in November 2020, amid improving global demand. “If countries other than China do not want to buy our iron ore, have holidays here, buy our barley, we cannot make them,” Mr Koukoulas said on Twitter. “The Australian barley industry understands the People’s Republic of China, Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) are potentially proposing to place tariffs on barley imported from Australia as a result of their ongoing anti-dumping and countervailing duties investigations. Whilst Australia respects China’s right, as with any nation, to undertake domestic investigations into anti-dumping matters, we do not accept that there is a prima facie case, let alone a conclusive case, to find dumping by or subsidy of Australian producers. Exports to China in Australia decreased to 11392061.84 AUD THO in November from 12696184.43 AUD THO in October of 2020. This saw China rise from 4th to the top export destination for Australian … Australian producers exported about $3.16bn in unprocessed wool to China in 2018-19, which represents a larger value and industry reliance on China than barley. China has accused Australia of using subsidies to help its farmers sell barley in China at below-market prices – a practice known as “dumping” – and threatened to impose an 80 per cent import tariff on the grain as a result. Around 25 per cent, or $11.8 billion, of Australian agricultural exports were destined for China in 2017–18. Aside from all this, Australian barley growers and exporters are hopeful that China’s decision finds in their favour as being an open and accountable source of grain. Exports to China in Australia averaged 3188860.78 AUD THO from 1988 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 14554765.09 AUD THO in June of 2020 and a record low of 64000 AUD THO in November of 1989. "Bulk grain terminal shipping stems show about 650,000 mt [of barley] shipped in April and May [to China], so season-to-date, Australia is estimated to have exported over 1.2 million mt of barley to China… The academics say “there are important qualifications, however”. Although the proposed tariff on our barley exports is linked to an 18-month-old dispute, China’s actions came after Australia called for an independent inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus – prompting calls for more economic diversification. Your comment will not appear until it has been moderated. That is, Australia can be ‘less dependent’ on China by being ‘more dependent’ on, for example, India or Indonesia,” the academics said. Its low moisture and consistent quality make Australian barley malt with characteristics familiar to barley technical specialists in China’s malting and brewing industries. See below for industry and government responses. WEEKEND news that China is considering putting hefty tariffs on Australian barley has halted any writing of new business into Australia’s biggest barley market for current and new-crop business. The Western Australian Government has always maintained good relationships with China as our major trading partner, and we will be making direct contact with the Chinese Consul General on the matter. Australia’s total exports to China were worth A$194.6 billion ($126.5 billion) in the 2017/18 fiscal year, according to official data, meaning barley is around 0.5% of the total. Australia will reserve all rights to continue to defend the interests of our barley producers.”, Australian Minister for Trade Simon Birmingham. The precarious relationship between the US as a long-term ally of Australia and China may have some effect on China’s response to historic pricing of Australian barley. They have been designed for maximum efficiency using barley with physical and processing characteristics readily available from Australia. Australia’s chemical industry has expanded significantly in recent years, now accounting for around 3.2% of Australian exports. “The Australian Government is deeply concerned by reports that unjustified duties may be levied on Australian barley imports into China. This is mainly because no economy is large enough to match our trade with China. Australian barley exports in 2018–19 were $1.38 billion, down 31% over the year. For the year to March, it worked out to be about 130 million litres. Last year, China bought $1.2 billion worth of Australian wine — or more than one-third of Australia's wine exports by value. Around 88 per cent of Australia’s barley exports to China come from WA. The trade came to … China is Australia’s largest volume export market for beef, accounting for close to 300,000 tonnes in 2019, representing about 29pc of Australia’s total beef exports. Industry data … Trade has dwindled in recent years due to big Chinese stocks of corn, but the market can be an important one for Australian feed barley exporters. Beijing slapped an 80 per cent tariff on imports of a number of Australian crops, including malting barley. Barley exporters, faced with a $500 million hit this year after being shut out of China, have done the same thing but they are further down the road. This appears to have caught some domestic market consumers napping … The organisations making this statement and Australian barley exporters will continue to co-operate with the Chinese Government and work closely with the Australian Government.”, Joint statement from Grains Industry Market Access Forum, Australian Grain Exporters Council, GrainGrowers, Grain Producers Australia and Grain Trade Australia, Grain Central: Get our free daily cropping news straight to your inbox – Click here, Your email address will not be published. Get The New Daily free every morning and evening. While we have a long and valued relationship with our Chinese barley customers spanning over 50 years, we have been working hard to establish and strengthen other barley markets for WA growers. In early 2018, China announced an investigation into United States sorghum which prompted the Chinese Government to impose an import duty of 178.6 per cent on the grain. WA’s grain exports typically represent 40% of Australia’s total grain exports and are sold into more than 30 countries throughout the world. This page includes a chart with historical data for Australia Exports to China. “This provides a strong incentive to be well informed about both opportunities and risks, and take steps to mitigate the latter, “This is not to say that business risk management is failsafe. Australian exports to China face $6 billion 'D-Day' ‘Peak stupidity’: Calls to diversify Australian exports criticised. China is the number one market for Australian beef, accounting for about 30 per cent of exports. His comments come after Trade Minister Simon Birmingham told the ABC’s Insiders that his Chinese counterpart was ignoring his calls amid an escalating trade dispute over beef and barley. Soaking rain in New South Wales means that state is likely to supply its own and some of Queensland’s feedgrain demand. “At a national level, claims of being ‘too dependent’ on China for exports assume that an alternative country stands ready to buy Australian goods and services. He said Argentine barley exports to China next year could reach as much as 800,000 tonnes depending on prices and the Australia-China trade relationship. The tariffs are a huge blow to Australia's barley trade with China, which is understood to cover about half of all barley exports. Tourism is Australia’s largest services export and brings in $21.6 billion a year, making up about 5.4 per cent of exports. Your comment will not appear until it has been moderated. Contributions that contravene our Comments Policy will not be published. Copyright © 2021 The New Daily. Destinations other than China absorbed the US export surplus prior to China terminating its anti-dumping case against the grain. The State Government will urge the Australian Government to work closely with the Chinese Ministry of Commerce to find a fair outcome for our growers. ... China introduced hefty tariffs on Australian barley and suspended beef imports from several Australian … “Australian barley exporters and the Australian Government have been provided 10 days to respond to the decision.”, WA Minister for Agriculture Alannah MacTiernan. Senator Payne insists these are separate issues from the angst over an inquiry. Among other things, this means making sure Australia “has the right mix of skills” to adapt to changes in the economies of our major trading partners. Australia is … If implemented promptly, tariffs payable by Chinese importers could affect two cargoes from Western Australia already on the water. China’s demand for feed barley, especially in its southern regions, is considerable. Based on the latest data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, that has been the case between 1 December and 31 March, with China buying 628,140 tonnes of the total 1.3 million tonnes (Mt) of barley shipped to all destinations. Since the 1990s, Australia and China have built a strong relationship around barley. 2020 has been a pretty bad year for Australian exports to China. Prairie wheat field Worldwide wheat exports by country totaled an estimated US$38.8 billion in 2019, down by -1.2% for all wheat shippers over the five-year period starting in 2015 when global wheat exports were valued at $38.7 billion. Mr Huang's comments are an indication of the risk the ban poses to Australia's long-term beef exports to China, and the damage to Chinese companies and Australian … Thermal coal, which is used to generate power, is one of Australia's top-three exports to China. According to the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, in the financial year 2018-2019, most of that arrived in the form of iron ore ($63.1 billion), coal ($14.1 billion) and natural gas ($16.6 billion). China had until recently bought as much as 70% of Australia’s barley exports. China is Australia’s largest barley market, with exports worth $1.5 billion in 2018, although that figure more than halved in 2019 due to the drought. Year over year, the value of global wheat exports dropped by -7.1% from 2018 to 2019. Although the proposed tariff on our barley exports is linked to an 18-month-old dispute, China’s actions came after Australia called for an independent inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus – prompting calls for more economic diversification. This is a function of the drought in eastern Australia, which has diverted a big chunk of the South Australian and Western Australian crops away from export as domestic maltsters and feedgrain users paid a premium to keep grain at home. Barley is not a random choice. Seeding is just underway across the WA grain belt – the timing could not be worse for our growers, who have little to no time to reassess their options for the season. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. According to Wood Mackenzie, Australia's iron ore and LNG exports to China are up 8% and 9% year-to-date respectively, compared to a year ago. Australia is a dominant player in world barley export markets, representing 30-40 percent of the world’s malting barley trade and 20 percent of the feed barley trade. China accounted for 60 to 70 per cent of Australia's barley exports and it bought a record of more than 6 million tonnes, worth about $1.5 billion, in 2017. Confidential documents seen by The Australian Financial Review indicate that China will claim a lack of co-operation from barley growers to justify imposing a 73.6 per cent duty on Australian … China and Australia do not always see eye to eye when it comes to issues including human rights, or Chinese activity in the South China Sea. Australian barley exports to China worth AU$1.4 billion (US$960 million) were shaken in October 2018 when China opened an anti-dumping investigation. This saw China rise from 4th to the top export destination for Australian beef. But he said the federal government should protect the Australian economy from these adjustments using fiscal and monetary policy, rather than pressuring businesses to diversify their exports. Chinese imports of Australia … “As part of the Australian barley industry, CBH has received information from the Chinese Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) that tariffs on Australian barley are likely to be imposed as a result of its ongoing anti-dumping and countervailing duties investigations. Instead, Mr Koukoulas believes Australia will boost its exports to China over the next 12 months, as China’s economy will recover faster from the pandemic than Japan, the United States and Europe. The yet-to-be-finalised tariffs may include a dumping margin of up to 73.6pc and a subsidy margin of up to 6.9pc for barley imported from Australia. China announced Monday it had slapped punitive tariffs of more than 80 per cent on barley imports from Australia. We know that WA malting barley is highly valued by brewers in China, who will no doubt be disappointed if this proposal proceeds. Australian winemakers have reported their most valuable yearly export trade since 2007, with China spending more on a smaller volume of wine. Firstly, businesses heavily exposed to China cannot expect a federal government bailout should the Chinese economy suffer a downturn. Wine, cheese, meat and barley have all been caught up in trade tensions between Beijing and Canberra, but China still accounts for 80 per cent of … Industry, Government responses: JBS Australia issued the following statement this afternoon: According to Wood Mackenzie, Australia's iron ore and LNG exports to China are up 8% and 9% year-to-date respectively, compared to a year ago. “But the fact is that of the net $180 billion increase in Australia’s annual export value over the past decade, just one country has been responsible for delivering 60 per cent of the jump: China.”. It means SA, WA and Victoria are likely to have big export surpluses of grain to shift from December onward. To push Australia to abandon its attachment to anti-dumping measures, China has strategically targeted one of Australia’s major exports. CBH will continue to co-operate with the Chinese Government and work closely with the Australian Government in hope of achieving a better outcome for our growers and customers. Australian wine exports to China are booming. This page includes a chart with historical data for Australia Exports to China. We have worked with the Australian grains industry to mount the strongest possible case against China’s anti-dumping investigation. Exports to China in Australia decreased to 11392061.84 AUD THO in November from 12696184.43 AUD THO in October of 2020. Mr Huang said Xiamen Xiangyu had also stopped importing Australian barley since China imposed tariffs and duties of up to 80 per cent following an … We sell heaps of those and other things to China and benefit hugely from it.”. 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