bran castle history

Dracula's Castle — by the numbers The centuries-old Romanian castle is as beautiful as it is steeped in sinister history . This is affirmed in the recent volume Vlad The Impaler – Dracula, published by the Mirador Printing House, Arad, 2002, authored by Gheorghe Lazea Postelnicu. If you’re interested in the Romanian history and you’re intrigued by the story behind the legend of Vlad Țepes (Vlad the Impaler), commonly known as Dracula, you have to visit the famous Bran Castle. On 19 November 1377, Bran Castle was mentioned for the first time by Louis of Hungary in his act. Mihai T wrote a review Jan 7. Bran Castle was transformed by the communist authorities into a museum. In 1932, the castle added a hydroelectric power plant on the stream Turcu, to light the castle but was also connected to the towns of Bran, Simon and Moeciu. Bran Castle – Between Myth and History, Mountains and Valleys. Bran Castle. Bran Castle’s History. Bran is the fictional setting for Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel. Best castle in Europe. Bran Castle is the most famous tourist attraction in Romania due to the connection to the bloodiest Romanian of all times – Count Dracula. But this medieval fortress does have a dark history. Bran Castle originally dates back to the year 1212, where it was constructed on the site of a Teutonic Knights stronghold, and the first time it was documented was in November 1377, after an act was issued that allowed the Saxons of Kronstadt, or current day Brasov, with permission to construct the citadel. From well-known monuments like Bran Castle to smaller castles that once belonged to the local aristocracy, the hundreds of castles of Transylvania tell a story of their own rise and decay, often directly connected to the troubled history of Romania. From a fortress to a castle to a royal residence and a communist holding, Bran Castle has remained a towering example of Romanian fortitude and heritage, bringing in 500,000 visitors a year. Read more Medieval Fortress 1211 -1918 Bran Castle - History (I) BRAN CASTLE (1377-1920) The Bran fortress was built on a cliff between Magura and The Hill of the Fortress, its position conferring an outstanding view towards both the hills of Moeciu and the ones from the Land of Bârsa. In September 1990, Princess Ileana, who since 1961 lived in a convent and was ordained as Mother Alexandra, visited Bran Castle and witnessed the damaged buildings and loss of some of the inter-war construction. The building of the fortress was imposed by strategic and economic reasons. History of Bran Castle. Bran Castle – between myth and history A visit to Bran Castle. Bran Castle: Caught Between Legend and History From its foundation on the naked rock near the riverbed, the fortress of Bran rises majestically above the valley. Our very own Bran Castle tour Bran Castle History. The Teutonic Knights – “Ordo domus Mariae Sanctae Theutonicorum Hierosolimitanorum” – a catholic religious order formed in Palestine during the late twelfth century by German crusaders, received Țara Bârsei (“Terra Borza” or “Burzenland” – a country named after the Cuman tribe of Burci) from King Andrew II of Hungary. Le château de Bran (Castelul Bran en roumain) près de Brașov en Transylvanie non loin de la limite avec la Valachie est un monument historique classé et un lieu touristique de Roumanie. But in 1948 the royal family was exiled by the communist regime, leaving Bran Castle unoccupied. The purpose of this gift was to establish the Teutons in the area and to defend the Southeastern border of Transylvania from the Cumans and the Pechenegs. The Bran castle was built in the 14th century, a stronghold to protect the villagers and landowners of the plains beyond the Bucegi Mountains, although it is most famous for being the location of the famous vampire, Dracula. Discover its story and doors, for Norm’s last Thursday Doors.. Legend says that the Doors to Heaven are here, in Bucegi Mountains, near Bran Pass and Ialomița Cave. Famously known as Dracula’s Castle, Bran in fact has little or no link to any of the legends surrounding the fictional vampire or even the genuine figure of Vlad the Impaler, on who the character is loosely based. Princess Ileana herself cared for patients as a nurse and even operated in the hospital. History. From afar, we can readily spot the tumbledown ruins of Castell Dinas Bran. The easiest way to get to Bran Castle from Bucharest is on a guided tour. Upon Queen’s death, her heart had been placed in a silver box that was placed into a precious ornate box, which were then wrapped in the flags of Romania and of her native England and then placed in a marble sarcophagus. Legend and reality come together at the castle, which stands tall on the hillside showing its dominance. A guide to Bran Castle, Dracula’s Castle History of Bran Castle . On November 19, the office of the Hungarian King Louis the Great – Louis I of Anjou – issued a document granting to the people of Brasov (“Kronstadt” – The Crown’s City) the privilege of building a castle. From a fortress to a castle to a royal residence and a communist holding, Bran Castle has remained a towering example of Romanian fortitude and heritage, bringing in 500,000 visitors a year. Bran Castle – 5 facts that most tourists don’t know Bran Castle is the most famous tourist attraction in Romania due to the connection to the bloodiest Romanian of all times – Count Dracula. The building of the fortress was imposed by strategic and economic reasons. Throughout the following years, the castle fell into decay. In 1212, the Teutonic Order built the wooden castle of Dietrichstein as a fortified position in the Burzenland at the entrance to a mountain pass through which traders had travelled for more than a millennium. During 1920 the castle became a royal residence. Bran Castle History. www.bran-castle.com: Coordonnées : 45° 30′ 54″ nord, 25° 22′ 02″ est: Pays: Roumanie: Région historique Transylvanie: Localité Bran: Géolocalisation sur la carte : Roumanie. Address: Str. The building of the fortress was imposed by strategic and economic reasons. A true legend, a huge potential!! It is also called Dracula’s Castle and it is situated at the entrance of Bran-Rucar pass. The castle is beautiful and contains some amazing history. On January 1, the Saxons of Brasov purchased the right to use the castle for 10 years, for 1000 florins, from King Vladislav II Jagello of Hungary. The castle’s restoration works, which had started in 1987, were finished. Bran Castle, The Royal Residence of Romania. However, it couldn’t withstand the Mongols invasion and it was destroyed in 1242. Bran castle was firstly built in 1212 by the Teutonic Order to protect the east border of the Kingdom of Hungary. Undoubtedly, it is a sight whichbrings shivers down the spines of the brave visitors that want to delve into thehistory and legends that surround the place. The name Bran Castle is almost synonymous with count Dracula. The castle, which was originally built in the 1200s by Knights of the Teutonic Order, has an incredibly rich, interesting, and dark history… The Turks raided Transylvania, but John Hunyadi (Iancu de Hunedoara) defeated them in Bran. History of Bran Castle. Bran Castle has gained the reputation of being “Dracula’s Castle” thanks to the author Bram Stoker who roughly based the castle from his book Dracula on this one. The Teutons erected a fortress in Bran (a Slavonic name meaning “gate”), before they were driven away from the area in 1226. This castle was destroyed by the Mongols in 1242. Read more, After 1918, Transylvania became part of Greater Romania. Toss in a vampire legend, and the rest is history. Shortly after this, Queen Marie moved in, claiming it as her home and retreat. The grateful inhabitants thanked Queen Marie, to which she referred in her writings: “poor villages, pure Romanian that in a near future would not have had this advantage.”. Bran Castle. The first pages in the history of Bran Castle were written in distant past of the early 13-th century, when invited by Hungarian king Andrew II, the Teutonic Knights appeared in in south-eastern Transylvania tasked with protecting the kingdom borders against invasion of combative peoples of the Pechenegs and the Cumans. Bran’s Castle is … However, in the fall of 1462, after the army of the Hungarian king, Matei Corvin, captured Vlad Tepes nearby the fortress of Podul Dambovitei, near Rucar, it appears that Vlad was taken to Bran Castle and locked up there for two months. Bran Castle – between myth and history A visit to Bran Castle. Bran Castle is one of the country's most important tourist attractionsand thousands of tourists flock here each year. From here, Vlad … After the Vienna Award, when Romania lost the South Danube territories, Queen Marie’s heart that had been in the Stella Maris chapel of the Balchik’s palace on the Black Sea, was brought in its sarcophagus to Bran. The original wooden fortifications in Bran were destroyed during the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. The Castle became a favorite residence of Queen Maria, who restored and arranged it to be used as a residence of the royal family. In her grave was placed a small box containing earth from the foot of Bran Castle, collected when she was exiled. The main reason for foreign tourists choose to visit Bran Castle is the legend that was created around it. The Queen’s favourite, according to a statement from Balchik on June 29, 1933. Due to the myth, Bran is one of the most famous castles in South Eastern Europe. After some rough years of changes and decay, the castle was given to Queen Maria of Romania in 1920. Princess Ileana and her family were forced to leave the country by the newly installed communist regime. Bran Castle is a scenic place to visit with a fascinating history but let’s face it, there’s one main thing that puts it on the map. In 1212, Teutonic Knights built the wooden castle of Dietrichstein as a fortified position in the Burzenland at the entrance to a mountain valley through which traders had travelled for more than a millennium, but in 1242 it was destroyed by the Mongols. Bran Castle - History (I) BRAN CASTLE (1377-1920) The Bran fortress was built on a cliff between Magura and The Hill of the Fortress, its position conferring an outstanding view towards both the hills of Moeciu and the ones from the Land of Bârsa. In the United States, Princess Ileana provided for herself, her children and their education through proceeds from lecturing on her life, Romania and Communism. Every castle in Romania claims to be the inspiration behind the Dracula (1897) story, but Bran Castle has a compelling case to argue. Before we go on to talk to you about our visit to Castelul Bran, let’s say a couple of things about the castle’s history. From 1920 until 1932, the Castle was converted into a royal summer residence, coordinated by the Czech architect Karen Liman, who designed the castles Peles and Pelisor. View the timeline, Bram Stoker’s character, Dracula, is a Transylvanian Count with a castle located high above a valley perched on a rock with a flowing river below in the Principality of Transylvania. After the Dracula film was released, it became a worldwide attraction. Every historical episode is characterized by certain factors that function as a constant, such as time and space. Though Bran Castle is not the ‘real’ Dracula’s Castle, it is still an impressive site to visit. It has ties to Vlad the Impaler who was once the ruler of Wallachia, a region in Romania. by Rebecca Tucker Posted on 02 October 2017. She also turned the area around the castle into an English park complete with ponds and a tea house. Wordsworth also visited Dinas Bran, lamenting the castle's fate as follows: "Relics of kings, wreck of forgotten wars, To the winds abandoned and the prying stars." The castle was inhabited by professional soldiers, mercenaries, and the storyteller Ioan de Târnava, wrote about “the English brigands and ballista soldiers” of the fifteenth century. Bran Castle (Dracula's Castle): History - See 5,872 traveler reviews, 9,214 candid photos, and great deals for Bran, Romania, at Tripadvisor. The History of Bran Castle. This castle is called Terchvar (Bran).” On July 15, 1575, as mentioned in another document, Ioannes Fux was sent to Bran Fortress on a mission to fortify and guard the Gorge. Plus, a tour guide will be able to explain all of the castle's history and anecdotes. Bran, initially a Saxon fortress. The Castle deterioration led to its closure in 1987 and was reopened only in 1993. 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