Share 4. Execution of Louis XVI. The ruling Convention, however, was full of lawyers who decided that the ex-monarch must be put on trial. The trial and execution of Louis XVI The trial of Louis XVI before the National Convention In December 1792, the National Convention placed the deposed Louis XVI on trial. the answer is c.i hope this .... 1 more answers. During the reign of Louis XVI France suffered from constant economic troubles; the country was always in debt because of the present (Louis XVI and his family) and previous royal family’s frequent spending on war and luxuries, … Continue reading "Asses Why Was Louis XVI Executed in 1793" Written by Dr. Elizabeth Bond. The body of Louis XVI was immediately transported to the old Church of the Madeleine (demolished in 1799), since the legislation in force forbade burial of his remains beside those of his father, the Dauphin Louis de France, at Sens. The account of Sanson states: Arriving at the foot of the guillotine, Louis XVI looked for a moment at the instruments of his execution and asked Sanson why the drums had stopped beating. After initially refusing to permit Sanson and his assistants to bind his hands together, Louis XVI relented when Sanson proposed to use his handkerchief instead of rope. The moment may come for me to put Louis XVI on the stage. Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. In Paris, the guillotine was located at the Place de la Révolution (now the Place de la Concorde), located between the Champs-Elysées to the west and the Tuileries Garden to the east in Paris, France. 'Never!' King Louis XVI of France and his wife Marie Antoinette were executed by the guillotine. The reasons behind the execution were the following: Upon his accession , Louis XVI found an empty treasury. It was enough to try him with treason. To have executed his underlings but not the monarch himself may have been perceived as a failure of the revolution. The French Revolution of 1789 saw the overthrow of the King Louis XVI, and a Republic put in its place based on the ideals of ‘liberté, égalité, fraternité’ (the French for liberty, equality and brotherhood).This ground-breaking event shocked nations across the world. The night before the execution Louis’ family, his wife Marie Antoinette, his daughter … Will. When Louis XVI of France was deposed in September 1792, the radicals led by Robespierre argued that the people had already condemned Louis and he only needed to be executed. Why was louis XVI executed? This account of French King Louis XVI's execution is from 'London Packet or New Lloyd's Evening Post', Wednesday, January 23, 1793. Only 20 years old at the time, Louis XVI was immature and lacked self-confidence. Louis XVI was the last Bourbon king of France who was executed in 1793 for treason. He was a bystander to the horrible injustices which the French citizens were experiencing. The role Marie Antoinette played in French governmental affairs, both domestic and foreign, was likely greatly exaggerated. Two curates who had sworn fealty to the Revolution held a short memorial service at the church. Execution of Louis XVI; Credit – Wikipedia. The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution ("Revolution Square", formerly Place Louis XV, and renamed Place de la Concorde in 1795) in Paris. However, in 1792 Austria and Prussia invaded hoping to intervene on behalf of Louis XVI. He was executed on grounds of high treason. Narration by Dr. Nicholas B. Breyfogle. Unfortunately, Louis XVI didn’t seem to hold strong to either side; he just wanted to make it through his reign. Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793. After weeks of testimony and argument, the Convention’s deputies voted in favour of Louis’ guilt and condemned him to die. So, the guy’s power is gone, he’s publicly humiliated, and everyone hates him. On January, 21, 1793 King Louis XVI was guillotined, after being tried for treason and being proven guilty. I just want to know why he was executed and how? Add your answer and earn points. Louis XVI was executed, officially, because of treason; he had been accused of betraying the French nation to the Austrians. The story spread widely and the phrase remains in use today to indicate the triumph of reason and logic over "religious superstition".[5]. We chanted Vespers and the service for the dead. January 1793: Louis XVI is executed Watch the French Revolution - The execution of Louis XVI documentary and respond to the questions below. The situation was already bad before Louis XVI began his reign, but situation got worse. read more. and pushed back the man holding the rope. I don't think so, Louis XVI was a moron but I don't think he deserved to be executed. "I know, that's why it is you I'm asking." 0 0. Louis was found guilty of treason and executed at the guillotine on 21 January 1793. Now, in fairness, Louis XVI had pretty clearly tried to flee Paris in order to organize a counter-revolution. Add your answer and earn points. For the deputies to the National Convention, now regicides, there could be no turning back. Answer:Hope this helped :)Explanation:Louis XVI was executed, officially, because of treason; he had been accused of betraying the French nation to the Austrian… miago miago 10/07/2020 History High School Why was king Louis XVI executed by the people of France? He also wasn’t open to listening to the citizens’ suggestions about how to wrap up the revolution in a non-violent way. Narration by Dr. Nicholas B. Breyfogle. Share with your friends. Louis XVI had previous communication with Austria and other foreign nations— which were potentially counterrevolutionary in nature. And when he tried to burden them with the responsibility of fixing the economy, the commons snapped— and their protests quickly turned violent. Lv 7. To some, his death at the hands of his former subjects symbolised the long-awaited end of an unbroken thousand-year period of absolute monarchy in France and the true beginning of democracy within the nation, although Louis would not be the last king of France. Marie Antoinette and sister of Louis XVI, Madame Elizabeth were also charged by treason and inciting … Charles-Henri Sanson responded to the story by offering his own version of events in a letter dated 20 February 1793. How much truth is there in the story of the wrestling bout between him and your father's assistants at the foot of the scaffold?" ", Henri Sanson was appointed Executioner of Paris from April 1793, and would later execute Marie Antoinette. Speaking to Victor Hugo in 1840, a man called Leboucher, who had arrived in Paris from Bourges in December 1792 and was present at the execution of Louis XVI, recalled vividly: Here are some unknown details. There were three main reasons that help asses why King Louis XVI was executed in 1793; the Jacobins gained more power, Austria and Prussia threatened to attack France, and the Vendee revolt. King Louis XVI was the last king of France— and he was pretty terrible at it. How did this problem impact how revolutionary leaders began to treat suspected traitors within France? King Louis XVI didn’t exactly rise to power in a perfect throne. But they were deemed as tyrants and a threat to the republic, yet executing them only managed to turn most of europe against the new republic. Don’t waste time. Not-so-surprisingly, this didn’t exactly work out in his favor. As a result, the commons rose up, named themselves the National Assembly, and declared that only they could represent the country. He was Guillotined. Louis XVI was executed in 1793 for a number of reasons, one of the most significant and most immediate being the party in power: in 1793, the governing power was the National Convention, powered by the Jacobins, who demanded for Louis XVI’s execution. The cowardly king didn’t see any way out of his predicament except to buck it out of the country as fast as he could. At the foot of the scaffold we decided to tie his hands, but less because we feared that he might defend himself than because we thought he might by an involuntary movement spoil his execution or make it more painful. She was particularly disappointing to her brother, the Holy Roman Emperor, for her … Unfortunately, their vacation to Marie’s homeland didn’t exactly pan out. On 21 January 1815 Louis XVI and his wife's remains were re-buried in the Basilica of Saint-Denis where in 1816 his brother, King Louis XVIII, had a funerary monument erected by Edme Gaulle. The King had been driven to the scaffold in his own carriage and his hands were free. On one hand, the citizens wanted him to surrender his power and serve as a symbol of a healthy, constitutional monarch. Louis 16th was executed on January 21st, 1793 by means of guillotine about one year after being found guilty by a majority vote in the National Convention. The Baron leaped forward calling "Follow me, my friends, let us save the King! Share 0. That is the explanation of the moment of confusion interpreted after their fashion by the historians. The other three assistants, believing that a struggle was imminent, dashed forward. He tried to give an extensive speech, but a drum roll was ordered and the resulting noise made his final words difficult to understand. unlike Charles I (who refused any kind of reform) Louis and Marie Antoinette acquiesced to the calls for political and economic reforms to create a consitutional monarchy. On January, 21, 1793 King Louis XVI was guillotined, after being tried for treason and being proven guilty. However, he wasn’t just knocked down a few notches politically. On the other, royalists wanted him to defend the divine right of kings and queens until his dying breath. Now, in fairness, Louis XVI had pretty clearly tried to flee Paris in order to organize a counter-revolution. She was charged with aiding the enemy and inciting civil war. How much worse can it get? Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. By Staff writer. Upon the platform, Louis proclaimed his innocence to the crowd and expressed his concern for the future of France. While he may not have started the financial crisis, he sure didn’t make any efforts to end it. One of the assistants of Sanson showed the head of Louis XVI to the people, whereupon a huge cry of "Vive la Nation! Unfortunately, Louis XVI didn’t seem to consider the consequences that his decision would have on his citizens. Louis XVI was charged with a treason, and even majority of the National Convention agreed with the ruling. Of course, after this event, Louis XVI hardly blinked an eye. The … In his Causeries, Alexandre Dumas refers to a meeting circa 1830 with Henri Sanson, eldest son of Charles-Henri Sanson, who had also been present at the execution. Hire verified expert $35.80 for a 2-page paper. The financial state of France was in the toilet, and Louis XVI, without any previous political experience, was responsible for fixing it. "Now then, you were saying you wanted something, Monsieur Dumas?" Why was Louis XVI executed and how? A detachment of Gendarmes showed us the body. Legacy . How and why was King Louis 16 executed on 26 Jan 1 See answer renu8 is waiting for your help. Portrait of Louis XVI, King of France and Navarre, c. 1779. He was put on trial by the National Convention, found guilty of treason, and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793. So, why was he getting the gang back together? Why French King Louis XVI was executed by guillotine. The role Marie Antoinette played in French governmental affairs, both domestic and foreign, was likely greatly exaggerated. Written by Dr. Elizabeth Bond. Regards . Often viewed as a turning point in both French and European history, Louis' death inspired various reactions around the world. ", but his associates had been denounced and only a few had been able to turn up. Picture of Louis XVI's Execution French Revolution Posters . See our A-Level Essay Example on The Trial & Execution of Louis XVI, British History: Monarchy & Politics now at Marked By Teachers. Answer Save. A green carriage waited in the second court. Marie Antoinette was executed nine months later. In the end, there was a revolution in France and a vast amount changes to the society and the government of France. 1 decade ago. As Louis mounted the scaffold he gave a dignified short speech in which he reasserts his innocence and readiness to die. King Louis XVI execution? After donning the crown, things only got worse. A popular but apocryphal legend holds that as soon as the guillotine fell, an anonymous Freemason leaped on the scaffolding, plunged his hand into the blood, splashed drips of it onto the crown, and shouted, "Jacques de Molay, tu es vengé!" Louis XVI was executed, officially, because of treason; he had been accused of betraying the French nation to the Austrians. Execution of Louis XVI; Credit – Wikipedia. The timid king inherited a financially broken country, yet his weak efforts to manage France’s economic issues led his citizens to turn on him. He was charged with treason due to his attempt to flee the country, which was viewed as him abandoning his country. The executioners fastened him to the guillotine's bench (bascule), positioning his neck beneath the device's yoke (lunette) to hold it in place, and the blade swiftly decapitated him. Picture of Louis XVI's Execution French Revolution Posters. …any event, the former king Louis XVI, now known simply as “Citizen Capet,” was executed on January 21, 1793, in an act of immense symbolic importance. Get a verified expert to help you with The causes of the downfall of Louis XVI. Just a year later, Marie was convicted and issued the same punishment. In Paris, the guillotine was located at the Place de la Révolution (now the Place de la Concorde), located between the Champs-Elysées to the west and the Tuileries Garden to the east in Paris, France. ", citing as its source the executioner, Charles-Henri Sanson. In 1774, poor Louis took over the French throne from his grandfather, King Louis XV, who left him to clean up a tremendous economic crisis. There were different reasons for Louis’s downfall: social, economic, political conditions. They executed the King with their hats on, and it was without taking his hat off that Samson, [sic] seizing by the hair the severed head of Louis XVI., showed it to the people, and for a few moments let the blood from it trickle upon the scaffold.[4]. Should King Louis XVI be executed? Poor Louis XVI had to face up to plenty of other crimes he’d both consciously and accidentally involved himself in. … The crypt altar stands above the exact spot where the remains of the Royal couple were originally laid to rest. At a trial on 17 January 1793, the National Convention had convicted the king of high treason in a near-unanimous vote; while no one voted "not guilty", several deputies abstained. Considering that he’d never run a country before, he was vastly underprepared to cope with the country’s disastrous economy. Louis was officially arrested on the … So, he did what any young king would do: he drudged up an outdated assembly and hope for the best. It didn’t take much evidence for the majority of the National Convention to find him guilty and convict him to death. Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793 while Marie Antoinette was executed on October 16, 1793. Execution of Louis XVI Soon, the representatives of the National Convention moved to put Louis XVI on trial. July 03, 2019 . He assembled the States-General, which represented the three tiers of citizens in society: the nobles, the clergy, and the commons. On hearing these unexpected words, at the unexpected sight of that rope, Louis XVI made an involuntary gesture of repulsion. Also reasons such as the Age of Enlightenment when some philosophers had new … Whatever can be said of Louis XVI's performance during his reign and the early parts of the French Revolution, there can be no doubt he died bravely and like a king. Yet, how exactly did trying to implement new taxes lead him to get his … But by the time that the French Revolution was in full swing, it was too late to make a decision—all he could do was accept his consequences, or run. He was the only king of France to be executed. On the cold, foggy morning of January 21, 1793—225 years ago—French King Louis XVI made the hour and a half journey through the city of Paris from the Temple, the fortified medieval monastery where he was imprisoned, to the Place de la Révolution, where the scaffold for his execution was assembled. 25 … On January 21, he walked steadfastly to the guillotine and was executed. The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution ("Revolution Square", formerly Place Louis XV, and renamed Place de la Concorde in 1795) in Paris. The reasons behind the execution were the following: Upon his accession, Louis XVI found an empty treasury. In pursuance of an executive order, the body lying in its open coffin was thrown onto a bed of quicklime at the bottom of the pit and covered by one of earth, the whole being firmly and thoroughly tamped down. But Louis XVI wasn’t immediately jarred by the start of the revolution. The National convention struggles with the command of the French army which is slowly … Whatever can be said of Louis XVI's performance during his reign and the early parts of the French Revolution, there can be no doubt he died bravely and like a king. When his citizens stormed Versailles in 1789, Louis XVI snatched up his extremely unpopular wife, Marie Antoinette, and made a break for Austria where she was from. [citation needed]. How did the French citizens who witnessed the king's execution react? 1 See answer miago is waiting for your help. (usually translated as, "Jacques de Molay, thou art avenged"). The monarchy was abolished on September 21, 1792; later Louis and his queen consort, Marie-Antoinette, were guillotined on charges of counterrevolution. King Louis XVI executed 21-January One day after being convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention, King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris. Added to the misery, was the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. Then, turning towards his executioners, Louis XVI declared "Gentlemen, I am innocent of everything of which I am accused. The Constitution of 1791 marks the end of the first stage of the revolution, this constitution includes: the legislative assembly, this was a lawmaking group, to vote for representatives you must be a male and … The executioner's men cut his hair, removed his shirt's collar, and followed him up the scaffold. He came forward to speak, but there were shouts to the executioners to get on with their work. He acknowledged it, yet he didn’t seem willing to do much about the issue fueling it. At the word 'Sire', which he had not heard for so long, Louis XVI winced, and at the same moment his confessor had addressed a few words to him from the carriage,[3] said 'So be it, then, that too, my God!' "[2], The 13 February issue of the Thermomètre du jour ('Daily Thermometer'), a moderate Republican newspaper, described the King as shouting "I am lost! He was judged as ineffective, controlled, unintelligent leader. of Unfortunate Events – The Trial and Execution of Louis XVI Why was Louis XVI overthrown in August 1792? Truth be told, Louis XVI wanted to play a passive role as king…yet he came into power at a time too tumultuous to pull it off. I remained strongly convinced that he derived this firmness from the principles of the religion by which he seemed penetrated and persuaded as no other man.". Much, much worse. French King Louis XVI, just 38 years old and the leader of one of the world’s most modern and powerful countries, had been executed by what was seen as a revolutionary rabble. It was his great-grandson, Louis XVI, who was executed by guillotine in 1793. Legacy . Louis XVI, king of France, arrived in the wrong historical place at the wrong time and soon found himself overwhelmed by events beyond his control. His failure to successfully address serious fiscal problems would dog … Source: quora.com. She was particularly disappointing to her brother, the Holy Roman Emperor, … A few weeks later the monarchy in France was abolished and Louis XVI was executed in 1793. At 7 o'clock he confided his last wishes to the priest. King Louis XVI was the last king of France— and he was pretty terrible at it. Can you guess which he chose to do? Louis XVI, also called (until 1774) Louis-Auguste, duc de Berry, (born August 23, 1754, Versailles, France—died January 21, 1793, Paris), the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789. The executioners wore breeches, coats in the French style as the Revolution had modified it, and three-cornered hats with enormous tri-colour cockades. Father Edgeworth had reminded the King that on Good Friday Jesus had offered his hands to be tied. The Execution of King Louis XVI. According to one witness report, the blade did not sever his neck but instead cut through the back of his skull and into his jaw. "You know how much playwrights need accurate information, Monsieur Sanson. (b) How complete was Napoleon’s power over France by 1804? The chaos that followed would usher in war, Napoleon’s Empire, and a new age of European and world history. Louis XVI was executed by the radical French republicans because he tried to flee the country in order to escape the revolution and begin a... See full answer below. In the neighbourhood of the present-day rue de Cléry, the Baron de Batz, a supporter of the Royal family who had financed the flight to Varennes, had summoned 300 Royalists to enable the King's escape. While Louis XVI wanted to be a good king and help his subjects, he faced enormous debt and rising resentment towards a despotic monarchy. Part A By 1793, The French people of Paris decided to execute Louis XVI because he had become a liability to France. He had been accused of instigating the invasion of France by the other monarchies of Europe like Austria in order to destroy the Revolution and regain his power. There, Louis XVI’s hand was forced into signing the constitution of 1791, which punted him to the curb as a leader and reduced his role to a figurehead. His royal seal was to go to the Dauphin and his wedding ring to the Queen. Professor of Modern History David Andress talks Dan through the French Revolution: the causes, the context, its … Louis XVI himself was executed and killed; while France was established as a democratic country. Louis XVI's head was placed at his feet. It was 10:22 am. It was clothed in a white vest and grey silk breeches with matching stockings. What were the issues which divided republicans over his fate? His decision didn’t exactly fly with the commons, who were butthurt over Louis XVI’s weak efforts to patch up their issues. Nine months later, Marie Antoinette was convicted of treason by a tribunal, and on October … Louis had been trying to organize an uprising, that's treason, he should be executed. Includes the September Massacres and the Girondins-Montagnards split. He met his fate only a day after the National Convention condemned him to death and only hours after saying goodbye to his queen Marie … He was also charged with other things (the accusation were made in public and are available online): stealing public funds, initiating massacres against the Revolution, conspiracy, and murder. Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. Louis XVI was a poor leader, an out of touch monarch, and a traitor to his people. During the reign of Louis XVI France suffered from constant economic troubles; the country was always in debt because of the present (Louis XVI and his family) and previous royal family’s frequent spending on war and luxuries, … Continue reading "Asses Why Was Louis XVI Executed in 1793" These three qualities led to his … It was then that my father approached and said, in the most respectful tone of voice imaginable, 'With a handkerchief, Sire'. She was charged with aiding the enemy and inciting civil war. He was executed so as to prevent the discontented in France who opposed the revolutionaries from having a focal point of resistance. Dear Student Answer to your question is as follows : Louix XVI was executed in the guillotine on January 21, 1793. Louis XVI was the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789. De Molay (died 1314), the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had reportedly cursed Louis' ancestor Philip the Fair, after the latter had sentenced him to burn at the stake based on false confessions. At 10 o'clock, the carriage arrived at Place de la Révolution and proceeded to an area where a scaffold had been erected, in a space surrounded by guns and drums, and by a crowd carrying pikes and bayonets. The execution was performed four days later by Charles-Henri Sanson, then High Executioner of the First French Republic and previously royal executioner under Louis. arose and an artillery salute rang out which reached the ears of the imprisoned Royal family. Louis XVI was executed in 1793 for a number of reasons, one of the most significant and most immediate being the party in power: in 1793, the governing power was the National Convention, powered by the Jacobins, who demanded for Louis XVI’s execution. [1] Some accounts state that members of the crowd rushed towards the scaffold with handkerchiefs to dip them in his blood to keep as souvenirs. Favorite Answer. After receiving the priest's blessing, he went to meet Antoine Joseph Santerre, Commander of the Guard. swaralishete1 swaralishete1 The next January, Louis was convicted and condemned to death by a narrow majority. Sanson grabbed his severed head out of the receptacle into which it fell and exhibited it to the cheering crowd. Three of them were killed, but de Batz managed to escape. The carriage left the Temple at approximately 9 o'clock. This kicked off the French Revolution. On their way out of France, they were caught by citizens in Varennes and carted back to good old Paris. What problems did the National Convention face? He seated himself in it with the priest, with two militiamen sitting opposite them. Was Louis XVI a good king? By the time that the revolution started, it was too late for Louis XVI to clean up the messes he’d walked through. At a trial on 17 January 1793, the National Convention had convicted the king of high treason in a near-unanimous vote; while no one voted "not guilty", several deputies abstained. Louis XVI (Wikimedia Commons). So one assistant waited with a rope, while another said to him 'It is necessary to tie your hands'. In September 1792, the new National Convention abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. September 30, 1928: Author Elie Wiesel is born, Lady Dai: The 2,000+ year old, beautifully preserved mummy, Copyright © 2021 Novelty Magazines Inc. DBA 101 Network. "Well listen. Why is it that when Louis XVI was executed other European monarchies attempted to suppress the French revolution but when Charles I was executed, 2 centuries prior at that, England was left to its own devices? He wanted to try to raise taxes to pay off French’s debt from the American War of Independence. Also, when did King Louis XVI rule? The executioners numbered four; two only performed the execution; the third stayed at the foot of the ladder, and the fourth was on the wagon which was to convey the King's body to the Madeleine Cemetery and which was waiting a few feet from the scaffold. His execution … Marie Antoinette run a country before, he sure didn ’ t to... 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T make any efforts to end it from Hugh Capet, taking the surname from Hugh,., economic, political conditions was not so kind to king Louis XVI executed! Revolutionary leaders began to treat suspected traitors within France letter dated 20 February 1793 we chanted Vespers and commons... Belonging to the society and the service for the future of France and Navarre, c. 1779 tiers of in. Unfortunately, Louis XVI was forced out to the Revolution in a letter dated February... Make any efforts to end it France by 1804 could represent the country ’ s Empire, and the for! Do: he drudged up an outdated assembly and hope for the future of France ’ about... Be hidden in a perfect throne argument, the Convention to find him and... The Queen come for me to put Louis XVI was immature and lacked.. Held a short memorial service at the immense palace of Versailles us the... Snapped— and their protests quickly turned violent we chanted Vespers and the commons of monarchists to... 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